Socrates, Aristophanes, and you will Agathon are left trailing discussing disaster and you can funny: “area of the section are one Socrates is actually seeking convince him or her that exact same boy understands (epistasthai) simple tips to write both comedy and you may problem, that somebody who’s of the pastime (techne) a tragic poet is actually a comic poet also” (223d26).
A precise malfunction, positively, of your own speeches created by most of the symposiasts who speak early in the day in order to Socrates
Typical poets don’t establish one another funny and you may catastrophe, because they do not make-out of knowledge and you will craft (techne) however, out-of divine desire (Ion 534c56). If they performed make-out off pastime and you may training, if they was in fact craftsmen poets, they might be able to write one another funny and you can catastrophe, due to the fact opposites will always studied because of the exact same activity. Hence the new comedic passion plus the tragic hobby would need to getting you to definitely plus the same; just as one in addition to exact same pastime, medicine, works closely with one another illness and you can wellness.
At the end of the new Symposium, Alcibiades moved from, allegedly to your throng off Bacchic revelers, which burst on his life due to the fact agencies off their overtaking love towards recognition and flattery of the crowd
Socrates tells us exactly what a great craftsman poet would be able to create, he does not tell us what he’d build. Almost every other Platonic spokesmen was considerably more imminent. “I our selves was poets,” the brand new Athenian Complete stranger informs us about Guidelines, “with on the better of the function created a tragedy that is the most useful while the most readily useful; anyway, all of our whole composition try created while the a reproduction of the finest and best way of living-the actual material and therefore i claim is the truest disaster” (817b15). Prior to in identical dialogue, the brand new Complete stranger was equally specific that this exact same composition, even in the event not a funny, does still embody comedic studies:
An individual who is about to acquire simple facts cannot know big matters instead understanding absurd ones, or other things, for that matter, instead of its contrary. In case we will acquire virtue, even towards the a tiny measure, i cant be big and you will comical as well, referring to precisely why we should instead discover ways to know what try ridiculous, to end becoming swept up by the lack of knowledge from it with the doing otherwise stating anything ridiculous, whenever we try not to need. (816d5-e5)
The fresh new Symposium are a disaster getting an analogous reason: it has a replica of one section of such a lifestyle, namely, exactly what the Protagoras terms an effective “symposium regarding beautiful and you will a beneficial guys” whom “decide to try for every single someone else mettle in shared disagreement” by the inquiring and you will reacting inquiries (347d3348a9). This is why Socrates reacts to Agathons message. It is just how Diotima converses which have Socrates. This is the types of symposium Socrates tries to re-establish when Alcibiades “satyr-play” is finished, therefore the throng regarding Bacchic revelers enjoys kept.
Rather than brand new Guidelines, although not, the brand new Symposium was a funny also, whilst also includes a reproduction of second best kind off symposium revealed from the Protagoras-you to in which there are poets introduce, and where the players “argue more things that cant end up being centered which have one certainty” (347e17).
Fundamentally, Alcibiades comes with-somewhat adequate-a great flute-woman (212c5-e3; compare 176e6-7). And although she doesn’t play, their coming inaugurates the newest next decline of one’s symposium for the one thing alot more like the version of symposium reviled regarding the Protagoras just like the “an effective symposium of common, obscene fellows… whom, unable to amuse both with the own discussion, create the cost of flute-lady, and you may shell out large sums to listen brand new voice of your flute in lieu of their particular talk” (347c4-d2). This is basically the part of satyr-enjoy in the Symposium-satyr artwork try repeated within the Alcibiades message.